Vitamin D impact on diabetes seen
March 24, 2008
by Josh Sosland
LONDON — Children given vitamin D supplements were about 30% less likely to develop type 1 diabetes than children who did not receive the supplements, according to research published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. The incidence of type 1 diabetes is increasing by 3% per year, mostly among individuals of European descent. There is evidence that levels of vitamin D and exposure to sunlight, which spurs the body to produce vitamin D, influence the risk of certain autoimmune disorders, including type 1 diabetes. The researchers noted that a child in Finland is 400 times more likely than a child in Venezuela to develop type 1 diabetes. Other researchers have been considering recommending the fortification of enriched flour with vitamin D because it helps with calcium absorption. The latest findings do not relate to the more common type 2 diabetes, the incidence of which also is on the rise.