2010 corn, soybean, wheat crops up 2% from 2009

by Ron Sterk
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WASHINGTON — U.S. 2010 corn production was forecast at 13,365,225,000, up 2% from 13,110,062 bus in 2009, soybean production was forecast at 3,433,370,000 bus, up 2% from 3,359,011,000 bus last year, and all wheat production was forecast at 2,264,928,000 bus, up 2% from July and up 2% from 2,216,171,000 bus in 2009, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said in its Aug. 12 Crop Production report.

If realized, both corn and soybean production would be record high. It was the first U.S.D.A. survey-based forecast of the season for corn and soybean crops.

The U.S.D.A. corn, soybean and all wheat production numbers all were above average pre-report trade estimates of 13,282 million bus for corn, 3,366 million bus for soybeans and 2,233 million bus for wheat.

Based on Aug. 1 conditions, corn yield was forecast at a record 165 bus an acre, up 0.3 bus from the previous record of 164.7 bus an acre in 2009, the U.S.D.A. said. Soybean yield was forecast at 44 bus an acre, equal to the 2009 record high. All wheat yield was forecast at 46.9 bus an acre, up 1 bu from July, up 2.5 bus from 44.9 bus an acre in 2009 and also the highest on record.

Production of spring wheat other than durum was forecast at 633,245,000 bus, up 4% from 606,755,000 bus forecast in July, up 8% from 584,411,000 bus a year ago and the third largest crop on record. The average yield was forecast at 46.6 bus an acre, up 2 bus from July, up 1.5 bu from 45.1 bus in 2009 and the highest on record. Harvested area was forecast at 13,590,000 acres, unchanged from July but up 5% from a year ago.
Production of hard red spring wheat was forecast at 592,611,000 bus, up 5% from 567,003,000 bus in July and up 8% from 547,933,000 bus in 2009.

Durum outturn was forecast at 108,781,000 bus, up 5% from 103,513,000 bus in July but down slightly from 109,042,000 bus in 2009. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, durum yield was forecast at 42 bus an acre, up 2 bus from July but down 2.9 bus from a record high 44.9 bus in 2009 and the second highest on record, the U.S.D.A. said.

The U.S.D.A. forecast winter wheat production at 1,522,902,000 bus, up 1% from 1,505,493,000 bus in July and up slightly from 1,522,718,000 bus in 2009.

The U.S.D.A. forecast winter wheat yield at 47.5 bus an acre based on conditions as of Aug. 1, up 0.6 bu from July, up 3.3 bus from 44.2 bus last year and the second highest on record if realized. Harvested area was forecast at 32,085,000 acres, unchanged from July but down 7% from a year ago.

Hard red winter wheat production was forecast at 1,029,288,000 bus, up 2% from 1,011,486,000 bus in July and up 12% from 919,015,000 bus in 2009.

Soft red winter production was forecast at 260,013,000 bus, down 3% from 267,768,000 bus in July and down 36% from 403,563,000 bus in 2009. If realized, 2010 outturn would be the lowest since 188,920,000 bus in 1978.

White winter wheat outturn was forecast at 233,601,000 bus, up 3% from 226,239,000 bus in July and up 17% from 200,140,000 bus in 2009, including soft white at 214,977,000 bus, up 18% from last year, and hard white at 18,624,000 bus, up 3%.

In its first survey-based rice crop forecast of the season, the U.S.D.A. estimated 2010 U.S. rice production at 245,882,000 cwts, up 12% from 219,850,000 cwts in 2009.

Sorghum production in 2010 was forecast at 383,435,000 bus, up slightly from 382,983,000 bus in 2009, the U.S.D.A. said.

The U.S.D.A. forecast 2010 oats production at 87,239,000 bus, down 1% from 87,726,000 bus in July, down 6% from 93,081,000 bus in 2009 and the lowest on record. Harvested area was forecast at 1,315,000 acres, unchanged from July but down 5% from 2009 and also the lowest on record.

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