WASHINGTON  —  The U.S. Department of Agriculture in its May Crop Production report, based on a survey of wheat producers, forecast winter wheat production in the United States in 2019 at 1,268,461,000 bus, up 84,522,000 bus, or 7%, from 1,183,939,000 bus in 2018 and compared with 1,270,282,000 bus in 2017. The recent five-year average winter wheat outturn was 1,376 million bus.

Hard red winter wheat production in 2019 was forecast at 780,375,000 bus, up 18% from 662,249,000 bus in 2018. It would be the largest hard red winter wheat crop since 1,082,000 bus in 2016 and compared with the recent five-year average outturn at 813 million bus.

The U.S.D.A. forecast soft red winter wheat production at 264,565,000 bus, down 7% from 285,558,000 bus in 2018 and compared with 348 million bus as the recent five-year average outturn. It would be the smallest soft red winter wheat crop since 219 million bus in 2010.

The U.S.D.A. forecast soft white winter wheat production in 2019 at 201,261,000 bus, down 7% from 216,785,000 bus in 2018. The recent five-year average soft white winter wheat outturn was 200 million bus.

Hard white winter wheat production was forecast at 22,260,000 bus, up 15% from 19,347,000 bus in 2018.